Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious bacterial disease, which most commonly affects the lungs. Every year, around 9 million people fall sick with TB around the world. Despite it being a preventable and curable disease, many face death as a result of low access to quality health care. TB is one of the most common communicable diseases in Somaliland and Somalia. The latest estimated incidences are extremely high, at 224 per 100,000 population (WHO Global TB Report 2007). The long-standing complex emergency with natural disasters such droughts and floods has negatively affected the spread of TB making it now considered a public health emergency. Poor nutrition due to high levels of poverty, living in crowded family homesteads, the abundance of dust and smoke, weak health systems and poor access to health care have all contributed to the increasing prevalence of TB.